Common Ocular Diseases in Animals

Common Ocular Diseases in Animals

Even though general practice veterinarians can usually handle several animal eye issues, they might refer you to a specialist if you need further attention. Visit your nearby veterinary ophthalmologist if your dog, cat, or other furry pet needs more medical care. This is necessary if you have issues with eye conditions, including glaucoma, cataracts, or cancer.

What does a veterinary ophthalmologist do?

Ophthalmology vets are specialists with extensive education and experience in eye care and specialized optical surgery for animal species. The ophthalmologist initially obtains a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree, as do the majority of advanced veterinary professionals, before deciding on a specialty and enrolling in residency training and education.

What are the common eye issues in cats?


Cat conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the thin membrane that lines the eyelids’ inner surface and the eye’s white. The conjunctiva will become red and swollen due to the inflammation, and there might even be some eye-watering or discharge.

Corneal Ulcers

The transparent cornea protects the iris and pupil of the eye. A cat’s sight would be compromised without it since it is the portion of the eye that lets light into the eye. Ulcerative keratitis is a painful condition. This occurs when the innermost layers of the cat’s cornea are damaged or injured.

What are the common eye issues in dogs?


Canines get cataracts as they age. The eye’s lens develops a hazy layer that prevents light from passing through. When proteins congregate and a cloud-like compound forms, cataracts develop. The lens finally becomes completely clouded as more and more proteins accumulate. Cataracts can develop gradually over time, rendering your dog completely blind. Bring your pet to a trusted facility like Wachusett Animal Hospital at the first sign of a cataract.


Glaucoma develops when the eye produces liquid more quickly than the body can remove it. Additionally, an obstruction in the ocular fluid drain might cause it. In addition to visual loss, it can cause harm to the optic nerve and the retina if untreated. It is frequently necessary to remove the eye because eyes with this disease will have no vision.

What signs could I look for if my pet has eye issues?

Several indications indicate that your pet’s eye health is not ideal. Fortunately, you’ll probably be able to distinguish between healthy and diseased eyes. These signs are ones you should be aware of:

  • avoidance of light
  • frequently wiping their face or eyes
  • discharge
  • dullness or color
  • excessive tears
  • keeping their eyes shut
  • swollen eyes

How could vaccination be of help in a pet’s eye health?

Specific health problems that affect our animals can be considerably minimized in severity or altogether avoided through vaccination. Canine distemper is a particular illness in dogs that can damage the eyes. The most common symptoms of canine distemper include sneezing and swollen, sore eyes with a discharge of white or clear mucus (conjunctivitis) and a similar-appearing discharge from the nose (rhinitis). Some dogs might have vision loss or go blind.

How does grooming prevent eye infections?

Along with irritating and scratching the corneas, hair can enter a cat’s eyes. The hair can be cut short by the groomer to prevent infection or injury to your cat’s eyes. A professional cat grooming staff will meticulously cut a cat’s hair around its face and eyes. For feline breeds with longer hair, this is particularly crucial.


Since so many more eye issues may now be successfully treated by specialists using cutting-edge methods and technology, referrals to ophthalmologists are now significantly more widespread. Veterinarian ophthalmologists can also help screen prospective canine breeding parents for eye conditions.

Antibiotics and eye medications may suffice to treat minor eye conditions, but surgical procedures will be required for more severe or advanced problems. Some of these abnormalities are inherited, while others result from diabetes or cancer.


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